- You are here: Home > Administrations > Grades > Scales

Scales are a way of evaluating or rating a learners' performance. Totara= offers a standard set of numeric scales. It is also possible to create cus= tom scales which can be available on the site. For example, you can give th= e trainer a word or small phrase as a way of rating or giving a learner fee= dback.

Scales may be used in Forums, Glossaries and Assignments for rating and/= or grading a learner's activity.

**Standard scales:**&nbs=
p;Totara includes different numeric scales which can not be edited, and one=
non-numeric example.

**Numeric**: Totara=
includes numeric scales that range from a maximum of 100 to a minimum of 1=
. For example, selecting a scale of 10, will allow a rating on a scale betw=
een 10 and 1. Numeric scales can be calculated as a grade.

**Included non numeric scales:<=
/strong> Included in the standard Totara install is a scale called "Se=
parate and Connected ways of knowing". This has 3 elements: "Mostly Separat=
e Knowing", "Separate and Connected", "Mostly Connected Knowing". These phr=
ases relate to a theory about how people approach the world. In edit mode, =
the trainer or administrator can see the scale description which explains t=
he use of this interesting rating system.**

New scales can be created by trainers with editing rights or by administ= rators or by any user with the manage scales role capability . Scales can b= e edited in the Gradebook Menu Scales. The process is similar for making a = new scale for either a course or site.

- Click on the Grades link in the course Administration block, then selec= t Scales from the Edit section of the gradebook dropdown menu.
- On the Scales page click the "Add a new scale" button.
- On the next page give your scale a name in the Name box (highlighted in= red in the screenshot) that will identify it among other scales.
- In the Scale box (highlighted in green), create your scale. Each item i=
n the scale should be separated by a comma. You can use as many options her=
e as you require. You must order the comma separated elements in increasing=
order of value.
**For example, an A,B,C,D scale must be entered= as D,C,B,A**. - Write a detailed description in the Description box (highlighted in blu= e) for your scale. Your learners will have access to the description, and y= ou can use this to give them additional feedback. The more details you put = in the description, the more learners will understand what each scale item = means.

Creating scales that are available in every course is similar to creatin= g one for a single course. The site administrator will find a Scales link i= n the site administration block under Grades. It will list the scales avail= able on the site, except the standard numeric sales.

First the trainer needs to assign a specific scale to the activity using= a drop down menu in the activities setting. Then the trainer and/or traine= es can rate an activity element (for example, a post in a forum) with the p= re-defined scale.

If a scale has not yet been used, you will see an edit, move, and delete= icon in the edit column.

Once a scale is used for an activity, it is no longer possible to move o= r delete it, and you can only edit the scale name and description.

*The Cool Scale*- Not cool, Not very cool, Fairly cool, Co= ol, Very cool, The coolest thing ever!- (Valued as 0/5pts, 1/5pt, 2/5pts, 3/5pts, 4/5pts, and 5/5pts respective=
ly in
**any normalized aggregation method**) - (Valued as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 respectively in the
**sum ag= gregation method**)

- (Valued as 0/5pts, 1/5pt, 2/5pts, 3/5pts, 4/5pts, and 5/5pts respective=
ly in

*General Introductions (The Affirmative Scale)*- Welcome!,= Glad to have you here!, Great post!- (Valued as 0/2pts, 1/2pt, and 2/2pts respectively in any
**n= ormalized**aggregation method) - (Valued as 1, 2, and 3 respectively in the
**sum**&nb= sp;aggregation method)

- (Valued as 0/2pts, 1/2pt, and 2/2pts respectively in any

- If you would like two options in your scale (incomplete and complete) t=
ype "incomplete, complete" in the scale box.
- (Valued as 0/1pts and 1/1pt respectively in any
**normalized=**aggregation method like weighted mean, mean, simple weighted= mean, etc.) - (Valued as 1 and 2 respectively in the
**sum**a= ggregation method)

- (Valued as 0/1pts and 1/1pt respectively in any

*Generic Social Forum*(This scale only worked prior to the= averaging function) - Please clarify., I don=E2=80=99t understand., Hmmm. = Tell me more., Interesting, Very cool., Awesome!- (Valued as 0/6pts, 1/6pt, 2/6pts, 3/6pts, 4/6pts, 5/6pts, and 6/6pts re=
spectively in any
**normalized**aggregation method)= - (Valued as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 respectively in the
**sum=**aggregation method)

- (Valued as 0/6pts, 1/6pt, 2/6pts, 3/6pts, 4/6pts, 5/6pts, and 6/6pts re=
spectively in any

- "Refer", pass, merit, distinction
- (Valued as 0/2pts, 1/2pt, and 2/2pts respectively in any
**n= ormalized**aggregation method) - (Valued as 1, 2, and 3 respectively in the
**sum**&nb= sp;aggregation method)

- (Valued as 0/2pts, 1/2pt, and 2/2pts respectively in any

**"Hesitant" Fail, Acceptable, Average, Excellent****(Valued as 0/3pts, 1/3pt, 2/3pts, and 3/3pts respectively in any <= strong>normalized**aggregation method)- (Valued as 1, 2, 3, and 4 respectively in the
**sum**= aggregation method)

Totara uses the last entry to determine the number of points in the scal= e for computing percentages. For example, if your scale is 0,5,6,7,8,9,10 t= hen Totara will use a 0-6 or 1-7 point scale depending on your chosen aggre= gation method.

- When using a
**normalized**aggregation method, = 0 will become 0/6, 5 will become 1/6, 6 will become 2/6, 7 will become 3/6,= 8 will become 4/6, 9 will become 5/6, and 10 will become 6/6 for grade com= putation, respectively. - When using the
**sum**aggregation method, 0 wil= l become 1, 5 will become 2, 6 will become 3, 7 will become 4, 8 will becom= e 5, 9 will become 6, and 10 will become 7.

Either way, the numbers you enter for your scale are **NOT calculated as entered, the system calculates the number of non-=
zero entries and then creates a scale from 0 to the total number of entries=
(n) with their values calculates as 0/n, 1/n, 2/n, 3/n....**

- You are here: Home > Administrations > Grades > Letters

**'Letters**' allows you to associate a l=
etter grade with a percentage range.

To associate grade letters with marks

- Type in the grade letter you want to appear and the upper boundary for = the letter grade boundary - it is best to go from highest to lowest order.<= /li>
- Click '
**Save changes**'.